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Dr. MP
Date: May 20, 2019


BugFrees CoastalMister Mosquito system is a great way to control mosquito and fly activity and the diseases they carry and transmit to our pets. Any pet owners concerned about mosquito or fly-borne diseases should consider installing a CoastalMister mosquito misting system.

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Bed Bugs PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Wednesday, 01 April 2009 12:44

 

Cimex lectularius

Color:Mahogany to rusty brown; red after a blood meal
Legs:6
Shape:Flat; broad oval
Size:1/4
Antennae:True
Region: 

Bed bugs get their name because they like to live and feed in beds.HabitsBed bugs like to travel and will hide in suitcases, boxes and shoes to be near a food supply. They are elusive, nocturnal creatures. They can hide behind baseboards, electrical switch plates, picture frames, even wall paper. They come out at night for a blood meal.HabitatBed Bugs like to hide in small cracks and crevices close to a human environment. They can be found behind baseboards, wallpaper, upholstery, and in furniture crevices.ThreatsAlthough bed bugs can dine on any warm-blooded animal, they primarily dine on humans. Bed bugs do not transmit diseases, but their bites can become red, itchy welts.Bring Home Memories – Not Bed Bugs!   National Pest Management Association (NPMA) reminds all travelers of the risk of bringing home bed bugs from their spring sojourns, especially as the NPMA continues to note a 71% increase in reports of these pests since 2001.  Bed bugs are elusive, nocturnal pests that thrive on blood. While these pests do not transmit diseases, bed bugs inject an anesthetic-like liquid that numbs the skin as they bite, leaving their victims undisturbed.  It is only when people awake that they find unexplained, itchy red welts covering their bodies.One reason that bed bugs pose such a problem for travelers is their keen ability to “hitchhike.” Bed bugs can travel easily – from beds to sofa cushions, from room to room and even home via suitcases. Once an infestation develops, bed bugs are extremely difficult to remove and require the experience of a pest professional to eliminate an infestation. More, it is important for travelers to understand the prevalence of bed bugs.  Although many associate bed bugs with sanitation levels, this is simply a myth,   Vigilance is critical, especially as we know that a five star resort can be as susceptible to bed bugs as a hostel.Tips to prevent bed bugs from returning home with travelers:

  1. At hotels, pull back the sheets and inspect the mattress seams, particularly at the corners, for telltale stains or spots.  If you see anything suspect, change rooms/establishments immediately. 

  2. Thoroughly inspect the entire room before unpacking, including behind the headboard and in sofas/chairs.  If any pests are spotted, change rooms/establishments immediately. 

  3. After traveling, inspect your suitcases before bringing them into the house. Vacuum them thoroughly and wash all of your clothes in hot water.

  4. Vacuum suitcases after returning from a vacation.

  5. Check your bed sheets for tell-tale blood spots.

  6. Consider bringing a large plastic trash bag to keep your suitcase in during hotel stays.

  7. Carry a small flashlight to assist you with quick visual inspections.

  8. Bed bugs are elusive creatures, so it is imperative to seek professional pest control to address an infestation.

 

During hotel stays, keep luggage off the floor and zipped.


Bedbugs feed while you sleep, with peak biting activity just before dawn.

Bedbugs leave red, itchy bites on the skin, usually in rows.

Scratching bites can lead to infection.

 

Frontal view of an adult bedbug ingesting a meal from a human arm.

Check for bedbugs along the seams of mattresses.

Wash clothes and bedding in hot, soapy water to kill bedbugs and their larvae.

Know the Enemy

Bedbugs are small, flat, wingless insects with six legs that, like mosquitoes, feed on blood from animals or people. They range in color from almost white to brown, but they turn rusty red after feeding. The common bedbug doesn't grow much longer than 0.2 inches (0.5 centimeters) and can be seen by the naked eye to the astute observer.  Bedbugs get their name because they like to hide in bedding and mattresses.  feeding HabitsThese nocturnal creatures can hide in beds, floors, furniture, wood, and paper trash during the day. We humans usually become their dinner during the night, with peak biting activity just before dawn.They can obtain their meal in as little as three minutes, after which they are engorged and drop off the host, then crawl into a hiding place to digest their meal. Bedbugs can live for 10 months, and can go weeks without feeding. 

Signs and Symptoms of Bedbug Bites

Amazingly, these sneaky little bloodsuckers dine on you without waking you. You don't feel their stealthy bite because they inject a numbing agent into your body, along with an anticoagulant to keep your blood flowing as they suck. The first sign of bedbugs may be itchy, red bites on the skin, usually on the arms or shoulders. Bedbugs tend to leave straight rows of bites. 

Treating Bites

Bedbug bites do not usually require treatment. If a secondary infection occurs (usually from scratching), apply a local antiseptic lotion or antibiotic cream or ointment. Creams with corticosteroids and oral antihistamines may be advised in the presence of allergic reaction or larger skin reactions. In these more severe cases, you may need to see your doctor. 

Do Bedbugs Transmit Diseases?

Bedbugs are more of a nuisance than a health hazard.  They aren't known to spread disease to humans, although they may be host to the organisms that cause hepatitis B and Chagas' disease. 

Bedbug or Imposter?

Don't assume your bites are bedbugs. Bites can be hard to identify, even for doctors. Rule out mosquitoes, fleas, mites, and biting gnats by conducting a visual inspection. It's best to collect and identify bedbugs to confirm bites. Look for the bugs themselves or their bloodstains, especially along the seams of mattresses. Further, look for dark spots of insect waste where bedbugs might crawl into hiding places on furniture, walls, and floors. 

Bite Back Against Bedbugs

Get rid of infested mattresses and box springs or cover them with a plastic mattress bag to trap the bugs. Wash clothes and bedding in hot water, and dry on high heat. Clean furniture and vacuum cracks in wood floors and doors where bugs may hide. Shake out suitcases. Use an insecticide in the cracks of floors or bed frames, but read the label; do not apply to areas that come in direct contact with skin. If you still can't get rid of them, call an exterminator.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 14 October 2009 00:21
 

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